The 1963 Pak- China Boundary Agreement Upsc

Posted April 13th, 2021 by admin

China has ceded more than 1,942 square kilometres to Pakistan and Pakistan to recognize Chinese sovereignty over hundreds of square kilometres of land in northern Kashmir and Ladakh. [2] [3] The agreement is not recognized as legal by India, which also claims the sovereignty of a part of the country. In addition to rising tensions with India, the agreement has shifted the balance of the Cold War by bringing Pakistan and China closer together, while easing relations between Pakistan and the United States. It was claimed by Pakistan until 1963 and still claimed by India as part of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan relinquished its right to the wing under a border agreement with China in 1963, provided that the agreement was subject to the final resolution of the Kashmir dispute. In 1974, India was able to settle its maritime dispute with Sri Lanka by abdicating in Katchatheevu – an uninhabited island of 235 hectares — but there seems to be no end to border disputes with China and Pakistan, which often turn into a major military and diplomatic stalemate. To resolve border issues with China, the two countries` special representatives have conducted 22 rounds of negotiations since 2003. After Pakistan voted to give China a seat at the United Nations, the Chinese withdrew the controversial cards in January 1962 and agreed to begin border talks in March. The willingness of the Chinese to accede to the agreement was welcomed by the Pakistani people. Negotiations between the nations officially began on 13 October 1962 and resulted in the signing of an agreement on 2 March 1963. [1] It was signed by Foreign Minister Chen Yi for the Chinese and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto for the Pakistanis.

According to Jane`s International Defence Review, the agreement was also important during the Cold War, as Pakistan had ties to the United States and was a member of the Central Treaty Organization and the South Asian Treaty Organization. [7] The agreement was part of a general strengthening of the Pakistan Association, which led to the secession of Pakistan from the United States. [7] [9] After the delimitation of the borders, the two countries also concluded agreements on trade and air travel, the latter of which was China`s first international agreement with a non-communist country. [10] The agreement led China and Pakistan to withdraw from approximately 1,900 square kilometres of territory and a border based on the British note to China, amended by Lord Curzon in 1899, as amended by Lord Curzon in 1905.

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